6 Tips for a Healthy Holiday Season
Article by Michelle Karten, MD., primary care pediatrician at Nemours duPont Pediatrics, Villanova, Pa
The holidays are a time for fun and family, but they can also be hectic and even unhealthy. Check out the following tips to help your kids (and yourself!) make good choices for a safe and healthy holiday season.
1. Get Up and Get Active
Kids get most of their physical activity during school and at after-school activities. While they’re off on the holidays, they run the risk of being tied to digital devices, video games or the television. And although they deserve some off time and to celebrate like anyone else, there are lots of ways they can get physical activity during their time off from school.
Consider the following: Children and adolescents should do 60 minutes (one hour) or more of physical activity each day. That includes aerobic activity (like brisk walking or running), muscle strengthening (like gymnastics or push-ups), and bone strengthening (like jumping rope or running).
Try these fun options for the whole family to get active and exercise during the holidays:
- Snow-fun activities like snowshoeing, skiing (downhill and cross country), or building a snowman
- Ice skating at a local rink
- Building an indoor obstacle course
- Throwing a dance party in your living room
- Checking out the local pool or aquatic center for a swim
- Visiting a local bowling alley or setting one up at home
- Playing indoor basketball or volleyball
- Taking a winter hike
Remember that kids should wear helmets when doing physical activity that could cause injuries, like biking or skating.
2. Fit Healthy Options into Holiday Meals
Your family is likely on-the-go during the holidays, as well as indulging in lots of unhealthy sweets and treats. During this time, kids can develop bad eating habits. Remember that there are ways to make holiday food healthy, as well as fun and festive. Research “healthy holiday recipes” online and keep the following in mind to promote healthy eating practices all year long:
- Drink water instead of sugary juice or soda.
- Add fruits and vegetables to every meal and snacks and make sure to incorporate whole grains into meals.
3. Fight the Flu
Did you know that the flu is more dangerous for children than the common cold? Every year, millions of children get sick with seasonal flu; thousands of children are hospitalized and some even die from it. Children younger than five-years-old who become sick with flu can suffer many complications like pneumonia, dehydration and brain dysfunction. Flu can also could worsen diseases like heart disease or asthma.
The best way to prevent the flu is with a yearly flu shot. This vaccination can reduce flu illnesses, doctor visits, and missed school, as well as prevent flu-related hospitalizations. Everyone six months and older should get a flu vaccine every year before flu activity begins in their community. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend getting vaccinated by the end of October, but if you’ve fallen behind, the shot is usually available through January or February. Speak to your health care provider to find your best options.
Talk to your kids about these other ways that they can prevent the flu:
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- If they have flu symptoms, stay home for at least 24 hours after their fever is gone (except to get medical care).
- Cover their nose and mouth when they sneeze or cough, and throw the tissue in the trash after it is used.
- Wash their hands often with soap and water. If that’s not available, they can use an alcohol-based hand rub or hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth, which spreads germs.
4. Get Enough Sleep
Sleep is important for all ages, but especially for your children as they grow. When your kids don’t get enough sleep, it increases their risks of obesity, high blood pressure, and causes behavioral issues like depression, aggression, anxiety and hyperactivity. Not getting enough sleep also makes kids overtired and limits their attention, causes them to have more mood swings, and can affect their performance at school.
Here’s what the CDC recommends your family should get by way of sleep:
- Infants aged birth to 2 months need 12-18 hours of sleep per day.
- Infants aged 3-11 months need 14-15 hours of sleep per day.
- Toddlers 1-3 years need 12-14 hours of sleep per day.
- Toddlers 3-5 years need 11-13 hours of sleep per day.
- Children 5-10 years need 10-11 hours of sleep per night.
- Children 10-12 years need 8.5-9.5 hours of sleep per night.
- Teens 13-17 years need 8.5-9.5 hours of sleep per night.
- Adults need at least 7 hours of sleep per night.
Even during the holidays, try the following when it comes to your kids and sleep:
- Set bed and wake-up times at the same time each day, including weekends.
- Keep bedrooms quiet, dark and a comfortable temperature.
- Remove electronic devices from your child’s bedroom.
- Avoid large meals and caffeine before bedtime.
- Make sure kids are active during the day so they can fall asleep at night.
- Model good sleep behaviors for your children.
5. Less Stress for Everyone
Although the holidays are all about celebrating and having a good time, the constant activity can be as stressful for both kids and adults. Here are some ways you can reduce your children’s stress to make the time merrier for everyone:
- Stick to routines and schedules
- Make sure there’s downtime on the schedule
- Let your child express their feelings and vent
- Get in some exercise
- Be willing to skip some activities
- Reduce your own stress to set an example
6. Healthy Holiday Travel
Whether you’re heading out of town by land or air during the holidays, there are lots of ways for the family to stay healthy and safe while traveling.
Are you making it a road trip this year? Remember when traveling by car to use proper car seat safety, and buckle everyone up, every time. Pack healthy snacks and plenty of water for your journey, and take time for rest stops to stretch your legs.
Road trip tip: Pull over at rest stops for some physical activity like walking, jogging or jumping jacks.
Parents: if you’re feeling tired on the drive, make sure you pull over to change drivers or nap. Drowsy driving can cause serious automobile accidents.
If you’re flying with your children over the holidays, here are some helpful air travel tips:
- Fly early in the day
- Dress in layers
- Skip lace-up shoes
- Seat kids away from the aisle
- If you have a toddler, avoid “accidents” with pull-ups
- Beware of germs and bring hand sanitizer
- Prepare for the change in air pressure on the plane